Fcra Registration

NGOs intending to receive funds and donations from other countries should first register under the provisions of Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 1976.

The NGOs cannot take foreign contribution directly. For this purpose they should be registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act 1976, commonly known as the FCRA.

There can be two types of contribution from the foreign source, i.e. one time or expected more than once and even regularly.

For any one time contribution the NGOs can receive the amount by seeking prior permission of the FCRA Section of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India; whereas for multiple and regular contributions of the foreign source it is advisable to seek permanent registration from the said Ministry.

 BENEFITS OF FCRA REGISTRATION

  • NGO can avail foreign funding various foreign sources.
  • NGO can approach various Foreign Financing Companies to avail foreign Funding for their projects

KEY POINTS FOR FCRA REGISTRATION

  • NGO should be at least three years old.
  • It does not have a parent Society which is already registered under FCRA.
  • Majority of the members of the board should not be on the board of another Society, which is already registered under FCRA.
  • The parent society of the applicant, if any, should not be based abroad.
  • No foreigner is on the board of the society.

Ministry of Home Affairs does not grant a registration without ensuring the above major issues.

FCRA BANK ACCOUNT 

it is essential to receive foreign contribution only in one designated bank account. Therefore, the applicant organisation should open a fresh bank account with the intention to operate it for such funds and mention it in the application. The said Ministry will directly inform the concerned bank to keep watch on the use of the foreign contribution and report back to the Ministry in case of any discrepancy.

VALIDITY OF CERTIFICATE

Every certificate of registration granted to an organisation under the Act, shall be valid for a period of five years from the date of its issue.

 

CANCELLATION OF FCRA REGISTRATION

There are various reasons to cancel FCRA Registration of NGOs.

  • If NGO has not utilized the fund given by Foreign Donors in a proper Manner or used for personal interest.
  • If NGO fails to submit yearly Compliance to the Government Authority.
  • If Government received Complaint that NGO is not working properly.

 

  • Basic
  • Government Fees - 2000.00
  • Miscellaneous Expenses - 1000.00
  • Preperation Of Dcocumnets, Submission Of Application, Complete Follow, Reply To Notices, Lisoning Fees & Attandence Of Hearing - 22000.00
  • Liasoning Fees - 15000.00
  • 40,000.00
  • Gold
  • Government Fees - 2000.00
  • Miscellaneous Expenses - 1000.00
  • Preperation Of Dcocumnets ,submission Of Application, Complete Follow & Reply To Notices - 22000.00
  • 25,000.00
  • Dimond
  • Government Fees - 2000.00
  • Miscellaneous Expenses - 1000.00
  • Preperation Of Dcocumnets, Submission Of Application, Complete Follow, Reply To Notices, Lisoning Fees & Attandence Of Hearing - 22000.00
  • Liasoning Fees - 15000.00
  • 40,000

Note:







MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS

    WHO CAN APPLY

    • Societies Registration Act, 1860, Indian Trust Act , 1882,Charitable & Religious Trust Act 1920,Sec 25 of Companies Act 1956,Sec 8 of Companies Act 2013
    • The FCRA registration is granted only to such association, which has proven track record of functioning in the chosen field of work during last three years, and after registration, such organization is free to receive foreign contribution from any foreign source for stated objectives.
    • Organization should be in existence for at least three years and has undertaken reasonable activity in its chosen field for the benefit of the society for which the foreign contribution is proposed to be utilised.
    • Organization should have spent at least Rs.10,00,000/- over the last three years on its activities, excluding administrative expenditure. (Statements of Income & Expenditure, duly audited by Chartered Accountant, for last three years are to be submitted to substantiate that it meets the financial parameter.


DOCUMENT REQUIRED

    DOCUMENTS REQUIRED

    • Copy of Registration Certificate
    • Copy Memorandum of association & Article of Association / Trust Deed/ By - Laws
    • Copy of PAN card of NGO
    • Copy of 80G Registration Certificate (If Available)
    • Copy of 12A Registration Certificate (If Available)
    • FCRA A/c – Copy of Accountopening letter/ cancelled Cheque of FCRA A/c
    • Income Tax Return +Audit Report of Past 3 Years
    • Activities Reports (Last 3 Years), Photos & News paper Cutting.
    • Details of Members (Attached Format)
    • Copy of Any Prior Permission granted to Organization (If Available)

FAQS

As defined in Section 2(1)(h) of FCRA, 2010, "foreign contribution" means the donation, delivery or transfer made by any foreign source, ? (i) of any article, not being an article given to a person* as a gift for his personal use, if the market value, in India, of such article, on the date of such gift is not more than such sum** as may be specified from time to time by the Central Government by rules made by it in this behalf; (ii) of any currency, whether Indian or foreign; (iii) of any security as defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the securities Contracts(Regulation) Act, 1956 and includes any foreign security as defined in clause (o) of Section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999. Explanation 1 – A donation, delivery or transfer or any article, currency or foreign security referred to in this clause by any person who has received it form any foreign source, either directly or through one or more persons, shall also be deemed to be foreign contribution with the meaning of this clause. Explanation 2 ? The interest accrued on the foreign contribution deposited in any bank referred to in sub-section (1) of Section 17 or any other income derived from the foreign contribution or interest thereon shall also be deemed to be foreign contribution within the meaning of this clause. Explanation 3 ? Any amount received, by an person from any foreign source in India, by way of fee (including fees charged by an educational institution in India from foreign student) or towards cost in lieu of goods or services rendered by such person in the ordinary course of his business, trade or commerce whether within India or outside India or any contribution received from an agent or a foreign source towards such fee or cost shall be excluded from the definition of foreign contribution within the meaning of this clause. * In terms of FCRA, 2010 "person" includes ? (i) an individual; (ii) a Hindu undivided family; (iii) an association; and (iv) a company registered under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956. / Section 8 of Companies Act 2013
No. As clarified at Explanation 3 above, foreign contribution excludes earnings from foreign client(s) by a person in lieu of goods sold or services rendered by it as this is a transaction of commercial nature.
Any article gifted to a person for his personal use whose market value in India on the date of such gift does not exceed rupees twenty-five thousand shall not be a foreign contribution within the meaning of sub-clause (i) of clause (h) of sub-section (1) of section (2)."
Foreign source, as defined in Section 2(1) (j) of FCRA, 2010 includes:- (i) the Government of any foreign country or territory and any agency of such Government; (ii) any international agency, not being the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies, the World Bank, International Monetary Fund or such other agency as the Central Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf; (iii) a foreign company; (iv) a corporation, not being a foreign company, incorporated in a foreign country or territory; (v) a multi-national corporation referred to in sub-clause (iv) of clause (g); (vi) a company within the meaning of the Companies Act, 1956, and more than one-half of the nominal value of its share capital is held, either singly or in the aggregate, by one or more of the following, namely:- (A) the Government of a foreign country or territory; (B) the citizens of a foreign country or territory; (C) corporations incorporated in a foreign country or territory; (D) trusts, societies or other associations of individuals (whether incorporated or not), formed or registered in a foreign country or territory; (E) Foreign company; (vii) a trade union in any foreign country or territory, whether or not registered in such foreign country or territory; (viii) a foreign trust or a foreign foundation, by whatever name called, or such trust or foundation mainly financed by a foreign country or territory; (ix) a society, club or other association or individuals formed or registered outside India; (x) a citizen of a foreign country;”
A ‘person’, as defined in Section 2(1)(m) with the exclusion of those mentioned in Section 3 of FCRA, 2010, having a definite cultural, economic, educational, religious or social programme can receive foreign contribution after it obtains the prior permission of the Central Government, or gets itself registered with the Central Government.
As defined in Section 3(1) of FCRA, 2010, foreign contribution cannot be accepted by any: (a) a candidate for election; (b) correspondent, columnist, cartoonist, editor, owner, printer or publisher of a registered newspaper; (c) Judge, government servant or employee of any Corporation or any other body controlled on owned by the Government; (d) member of any legislature; (e) political party or office bearer thereof; (f) organization of a political nature as may be specified under sub- section (1) of Section 5 by the Central Government. (g) association or company engaged in the production or broadcast of audio news or audio visual news or current affairs programmes through any electronic mode, or any other electronic form as defined in clause (r) of sub-section (i) of Section 2 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 or any other mode of mass communication; (h) correspondent or columnist, cartoonist, editor, owner of the association or company referred to in clause (g). Explanation – In clause (c) and section 6, the expression “corporation’ means a corporation owned or controlled by the Government and includes a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956. (i) individuals or associations who have been prohibited from receiving foreign contribution.
Yes. FCRA is meant to ensure that foreign contribution is received from legitimate sources and utilised for legitimate purposes by any person. A list of banned organisations is available in MHA's website http://mha.nic.in/uniquepage.asp?Id_Pk=292 . In particular, the list of foreign entities/individuals can be seen in http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/AQList.htm
Contributions made by a citizen of India living in another country (i.e., Non-Resident Indian), from his personal savings, through the normal banking channels, is not treated as foreign contribution. However, while accepting any donations from such NRI, it is advisable to obtain his passport details to ascertain that he/she is an Indian passport holder.
Yes. Donation from an Indian who has acquired foreign citizenship is treated as foreign contribution. This will also apply to PIO card holders and to Overseas Citizens of India. However, this will not apply to 'Non-resident Indians', who still hold Indian citizenship
The position in this regard as given in Section 4(e) of FCRA, 2010 and Rule 6 of FCRR, 2011 are as under: Subject to the provisions of section 10 of the FCRA, 2010, nothing contained in section 3 of the Act shall apply to the acceptance, by any person specified in that section, of any foreign contribution where such contribution is accepted by him from his relative. However, in terms of Rule 6 of FCRR, 2011, any person receiving foreign contribution in excess of one lakh rupees or equivalent thereto in a financial year from any of his relatives shall inform the Central Government in Form FC-1 within thirty days from the date of receipt of such contribution.
Yes. Since, subject to the provisions of Section 10, even the persons specified under section 3, i.e., persons not permitted to accept foreign contribution, are allowed to receive foreign contribution for the purposes listed in section 4, it is obvious that Individuals in general and a HUF are permitted to accept foreign contribution without permission for the purposes listed in section 4. However, it should be borne in mind that the monetary limit for acceptance of foreign contribution in the form of any article given as gift to a person for his personal use has been specified as Rs. 25,000/ vide FCR Amendment Rules, 2012.
“Delegate/participation Fees” paid in foreign currency by foreign delegates/participants for participation in a conference/seminar and which is utilized for the purpose of meeting the expenditure of hosting the conference/seminar is not treated as foreign contribution and as such no permission under FCRA is required.
No. However, as defined under section 2(j)(vi), a company within the meaning of the Companies Act, 1956 having more than one-half of the nominal value of its share capital held, either singly or in the aggregate, by one or more of the following will be treated as a "foreign source": (A) the Government of a foreign country or territory; (B) the citizens of a foreign country or territory; (C) corporations incorporated in a foreign country or territory; (D) trusts, societies or other associations of individuals (whether incorporated or not), formed or registered in a foreign country or territory"
Yes. Any amount received from ‘foreign source’ in rupees or foreign currency is construed as ‘foreign contribution’ under law. Such transactions even in rupees term are considered foreign contribution
Yes. The interest or any other income earned out of such deposit should be shown as second / subsequent foreign contribution receipt in the annual return during the year in which it is earned.
No. Every asset purchased with foreign contribution should be acquired and possessed in the name of the association since an association has a separate legal entity distinct from its members.
No. The association should utilize such funds for the welfare purpose or activities for which it is received. The utilization should be in line with the objectives of the association. However, foreign contributions can be utilized for self-sustaining activities, not meant for commercial purposes.
No fund other than foreign contribution can be deposited in the exclusive single FC account of a Bank, as mentioned in the order for registration or prior permission granted by MHA, to be separately maintained by the associations. However, one or more accounts in one or more banks may be opened for utilising the foreign contribution after it has been received provided that no funds other than that foreign contribution shall be received or deposited in such account or accounts and in all such cases, intimation on plain paper shall have to be furnished to Ministry of Home Affairs within 15 days of the opening of the account.
Transfer of funds is allowed from the designated FC account of an Association to the multiple account or accounts opened for its utilization. However, no funds other than the amount received in the designated FC account shall be received or deposited in such multiple account or accounts. Inter-account transfer of funds between the multiple accounts is not permissible. As such, the banks should apply full diligence to keep track of the transfers.
No. Foreign contribution cannot be deposited or utilised from the bank account being used for domestic funds.
No. The definition of as 'administrative expenses', as given in Rule 5 of FCRR, 2011 is explicit in this regard.
Yes. Section 7 of FCRA, 2010 states:- “No person who – (a) is registered and granted a certificate or has obtained prior permission under this Act; and (b) receives any foreign contribution, shall transfer such foreign contribution to any other person unless such other person is also registered and had been granted the certificate or obtained the prior permission under this Act: Provided that such person may transfer, with the prior approval of the Central Government, a part of such foreign contribution to any other person who has not been granted a certificate or obtained permission under this Act in accordance with the rules made by the Central Government.”
For grant of registration under FCRA, 2010, the association should: (i) be registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 or the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 or section 25 or section 8 of the Companies Act, 1956 etc; (ii) normally be in existence for at least three years and has undertaken reasonable activity in its chosen field for the benefit of the society for which the foreign contribution is proposed to be utilised. For this purpose, the association should have spent at least Rs.10,00,000/- over the last three years on its activities, excluding administrative expenditure. Statements of Income & Expenditure, duly audited by Chartered Accountant, for last three years are to be submitted to substantiate that it meets the financial parameter.
There is no bar on receiving such foreign contribution in installments. However, the aggregate amount should not exceed the specified amount for which prior permission has been granted. The association shall have to submit the mandatory return in FC-6 form for receipt and utilisation of the foreign contribution on a yearly basis, till the amount of foreign contribution is fully utilised. Even if no transaction takes place during a year, a NIL return should be submitted.
Yes. Since the FC A/c through which foreign contribution is proposed to be received and utilised is to be mentioned in the application seeking registration or prior permission, as the case may be, the association should open such an exclusive FC A/c with a Bank. This A/c number would be mentioned in the letter granting registration or prior permission to the association.
Yes. However, the Banks should not allow any foreign inward remittance in that A/c till such time the association is granted registration or prior permission, as the case may be.
As per the definition of the “person” in the FC(R)Act, 2010 which includes an “association” which in turn is defined as an association of individuals, whether incorporated or not, having an office in India and includes a society, whether registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, or not, and any other organisation, by whatever name called, a private limited company too may seek prior permission/registration for receiving foreign funds in case they wish to do some charitable work at some point of time.
The definition of the ‘person’ in the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 includes any individual and ‘Hindu Undivided Family’ among others. As such an Individual or an HUF is also eligible to apply for prior permission to accept foreign contribution.
Yes, infusion of foreign share capital in a company registered under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 is treated as foreign contribution.
No. Submission of verification certificate from the District Collector or Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate is not mandatory.
Yes. If at any point of time, such change causes replacement of 50% or more of such Members of the Executive Committee/Governing Council of the association, intimation is to be given to MHA within thirty days of such change in accordance with the undertaking & declaration given by the association in its application for registration or prior permission, as the case may be. Further, as per the undertaking & declaration, the association should not accept any foreign contribution except with prior permission till the permission to replace the office bearer(s) has been granted by MHA.
An association permitted to accept foreign contribution is required under law to maintain separate set of accounts and records exclusively for the foreign contribution received and submit an annual return, duly certified by a Chartered Accountant, giving details of the receipt and purpose-wise utilisation of the foreign contribution. The return is to be filed for every financial year (1st April to 31st March) within a period of nine months from the closure of the year i.e. by 31st December each year. Submission of a ‘Nil’ return, even if there is no receipt/utilization of foreign contribution during the year, is mandatory.
'Prior permission' is granted to an association to receive a specific amount of foreign contribution from a specific donor for a specific purpose. After receipt of approval from the Government, the association should submit the mandatory return in FC-6 form for receipt and utilisation of the foreign contribution on a yearly basis, till the amount of foreign contribution is fully utilised. Even if no transaction takes place during a year, a NIL return should be submitted.
Foreign Hospitality means any offer, not being a purely casual one, made in cash or kind by a foreign source for providing a person with the costs of travel to any foreign country or territory or with free board, lodging, transport or medical treatment.

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